Next week, the dates and locations of a global referendum of 25 million Sikhs will be announced in London. The referendum will be the culmination of the work of the Punjab Referendum Commission, made up of a panel of independent and non-aligned experts in direct democracy who have examined the dossier of establishing the right of the people of the Punjab to determine their own future. with the aim of making the Punjab independent from India.
The referendum will be held in 20 countries on four continents, including the UK, US, Canada, Australia and the Punjab region. As Sikhs are the dominant religion in the state, it is really about creating a Sikh homeland.
WHAT IS PUNJAB?
PUNJAB means the land of five waters. The five tributary rivers of the Indus from which the region takes its name are the Sutlej, Ravi, Beas, Chenab and Jhelum rivers – the Sutlej, Ravi and Beas rivers flow through the Indian Punjab.
Perhaps there is a neighboring province of Punjab in Pakistan, but it is not involved in the referendum, which is only aimed at making the Indian province of Punjab a self-governing independent state.
The state of Punjab covers an area of ââ50,362 square kilometers (19,445 miles), or 1.53% of the total geographic area of ââIndia. It is the 20th largest Indian state by area. With over 28 million inhabitants, Punjab is the 16th largest state in terms of population, comprising 22 districts.
Punjabi, written in Gurmukhi script, is the state’s most widely spoken and official language. The main ethnic group is the Punjabis, with Sikhs (57.7%) and Hindus (38.5%) as the dominant religious groups.
Hence the idea of ââsurveying all Sikhs around the world to assess the demand for an independent Punjab.
WHO ARE THE SIKHS?
SIKHISM is an ancient and proud religion and philosophy that was founded in Punjab in the 15th century by Guru Nanak (1469-1539). The beliefs and rituals of Sikhism were established by Guru Nanak and the nine Sikh gurus who followed him.
The Sikh place of worship is called a Gurdwara. Sikh writing is Guru Granth Sahib, a book that Sikhs consider a living guru. It is a monotheistic religion whose followers stress the importance of doing good deeds rather than just performing rituals. Sikhs believe that the way to lead a good life is to keep God in your heart and mind at all times, to live honestly and work hard, to treat everyone equally, to be generous to the less wealthy and serving others.
WHAT EXACTLY ARE THE CAMPAIGNS LOOKING FOR?
THE Referendum Commission said: âAlthough this is a non-governmental and non-binding referendum, the result will serve as the basis for the Sikh community to demand a binding official United Nations vote on the establishment of the region. Punjab, ruled by the Indians. independent homeland for indigenous peoples of which Sikhs are the largest group. ”
LESSONS FOR SCOTLAND?
It will be very interesting to see how the referendum works. Already countries like the UK and Canada say the Punjab is part of India, even though it was an independent country and had its own empire before British rule. The tactic of going to the United Nations is already being considered by many Scots.